75% of websites ranked in the top ten positions on Baidu are .com sites
You can rank on page one of top Chinese search engine, Baidu, even if your website includes links to officially blocked sites such as Facebook and YouTube according to new research; and contrary to popular belief, over 75% of websites ranked in the top ten positions on Baidu are .com sites rather than local Chinese .cn or .com.cn domains. At the same time, it seems essential to reference at least one Chinese social media channel such as Wechat or Weibo to help your website rank well on Baidu, while the number of backlinks appears to have a very strong correlation with rankings.
These are among the key findings of “The Baidu Ranking Factors Correlation Study” from Searchmetrics. The research analyzed the top ten Baidu search results for 50,000 Mandarin Chinese keywords, busting a variety of myths about what is essential for ranking highly on the search engine. The study provides a comprehensive, in-depth guide with comparative benchmarks and advice to help SEOs and digital marketers improve their search rankings on Baidu.
“Depending on which studies you read, China has either already surpassed the US as the world’s largest e-commerce market or will do in the next one to two years – which means targeting China is a huge business opportunity for western brands,” said Matt Colebourne, CEO of Searchmetrics. “And over 70% of all Chinese searches go via Baidu, so making your website visible in organic search results on Baidu is hugely valuable.”
Five important insights from the study are:
1. Links to Facebook, YouTube and Google won’t degrade your Baidu rankings
Since China officially blocks access to certain foreign websites such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Google it is widely believed that linking to these sites would negatively impact search rankings (because sending visitors to blocked sites creates a poor user experience). However, the data reveals that links going to blocked websites do not have a negative impact. They might even have a slightly positive impact.
2. Best practice advice: choose a .com domain
A little over 75% of all websites that rank on Page One of Baidu.com (excluding Baidu’s own URLs) are on .com domains. The local Chinese top-level domains (TLDs) including .cn, .com.cn, .org.cn and .net.cn together only achieve 9.36% of all top 10 ranking positions. These findings bust the often-repeated Baidu SEO myth that ‘you need a Chinese TLD in order to achieve good rankings on Baidu’.
3. Ensure your website leads visitors to Chinese social media channels
In almost all (99%) of websites that rank on page one, there was at least one reference or mention of a popular Chinese social media network such as QQ, Wechat or Weibo. However, this does not necessarily mean brands need to have a link to a social media channel according to Searchmetrics. It can also mean it is important to have a QQ number written down for the users to connect to or a WeChat QR-Code to scan and connect with.
4. Using exact match keywords is NOT very important
Marketers and SEO pros who are used to optimizing for Google would expect that the keywords that are used in search queries also usually have to appear somewhere in the body copy of web pages in order to rank highly. But the data suggests this may not be the case for Chinese language pages in Baidu’s top 10 search results. Only 34% of all Baidu top 10 ranking pages contain the exact match keyword in the body copy of the page. And there is no positive correlation to suggest that using the exact match keyword is important for improving rankings.
5. The more backlinks a website has the better it will rank
The number of backlinks seems to heavily influence rankings (with a correlation score of 0.9). In fact, the median number of backlinks to Baidu top 10 ranking pages is 76,250, although there are websites still ranking well with far lower numbers. It’s also important that links come from many different websites (referring domains) and from sites that are themselves highly visible in search results.
Other interesting insights from the study include:
- The use of keywords in the meta description was found to have NO correlation to rankings at all. In fact, the analysis showed keyword usage in the meta description for the top ten ranking position was almost non-existent.
- Longer content ranks better – the data reveals an average length of 3,194 characters for top ten ranked pages. For context 3,194 characters is equivalent to around 680 English words.
- Including unordered lists appears to be a must if you want to rank well – 90% of position 1 and position 2 contain unordered lists in the content.